India is a country which is globally famous for its festivals and fairs. The rich culture and heritage of India reflect in these festivals. All the festivals are celebrated with great enthusiasm and liveliness. Nearly all festivals of India have originated from a religious event. The Dussehra is celebrated in the Aswin month of the Hindi calendar. Dussehra is celebrated to mark the victory of good over evil.
Dussehra Festival In India:
Dussehra is celebrated on the 10th day of Navratri. Navratri is 9 days of celebration to worship goddess Durga who also slayed the demon Mahishasura and established peace on the earth. On the 10th day of this Navratri festival lord Ram had killed the 10-headed demon king Raavan, who had abducted his wife Sita deceitfully.
Since very early times the starting of Navratri signified the starting of Ramlila nautankis which are enactments of the life of lord Ram.
During these 9 days fairs are organized all over India attracting tourists from all over India and foreign. These fairs reflect the rich heritage of India and the local artisans get an opportunity to display their talents. Folk dance and music are an added attraction. These fairs are held in large open gardens or fields so that on the 10th day huge effigies of the demon king Raavan is burnt with great zeal and fervour. The people burn this larger-than-life effigy of Raavan to celebrate the victory of good over evil
Dussehra, also known as Vijaya Dashmi is thus considered an auspicious day to start something new. Burning of the effigy is a symbol for people to burn off all the evil of the spirit and soul to purify one from within. Dussehra is a pious day when good prevails and evil is condemned. This feeling of victory is celebrated with great joy and happiness.
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Durga Puja Festival observed in Ashwin month which is truly committed to goddess Durga. Goddess Durga represents the female power or energy. She has many different forms like Naina Devi, Chamunda Mata, Karni Mata, Mahakali, Maa Vaishno, Devi Shakti etc.
Different culture and philosophy are available in India. In India people of various regions have their own local rituals and traditions so they also use varied rituals to worship goddess Durga.
Various types of Durga Pooja :
There are various states in India. All states have their native customs that causes we find diversity in worship of goddess Durga.
Durga Puja In Gujarat state
Durga puja falls on the famous occasion of Navratri. It is devoted to Amba Mata. Garba dance is an integral part of the Navratri festival. Nine forms of goddess Durga are worshipped during this celebration.
Durga Puja In West Bengal State
Durga puja festival is observed as a five day long celebration in West Bengal. It begins with Mahalaya day. Devotees believed that on this occasion goddess Durga assigned a work of removing the evils or negativities. In West Bengal Durga puja is also called Akal Bodhon.
Durga Puja In Jammu and Kashmir State
Although there are a minority of Hindu people but they celebrate this festival with a great joy and demonstration. Kashmiri people grow seeds of barley in the soil pots. People supposed that well flourishing barley grains represents prosperity or success.
Durga Puja In Maharashtra State
In this area Durga puja festival is observed as a fun occasion. On this day devotees establish an idol of goddess Durga at their houses and they decorate the idol with garland. There is a ritual to put a new garland every day but not to eliminate the old garland. After the end of nine days celebration all these garlands are eliminated together.
Durga Puja In Kerala State
In Kerala Durga puja represents the starting of formal education for those children who are 3-5 years old. On the occasion of navmi goddess Saraswati is worshipped. Books are also worshipped on this day.
Durga Puja Festival In Year 2013
Date of the Durga Puja Festival is : 9th October to 13th October.
Tags: Durga Puja In Gujarat state, Durga Puja In Jammu and Kashmir, Durga Puja In Maharashtra State, Durga Puja In West Bengal State, Durga Puja Kerala