The Pushpaka Vimana :
Ramayana is one of the most significant ancient epics of India. Its impact on culture and art can be found throughout the Indian
subcontinent and Southeast Asia. Still today there are several places in India as well as Sri Lanka which are connected to Ramayana. For the people of India and Sri Lanka Ramayana is not considered as a mythology or legend, but as a fact or a history which took place thousands of years ago.
According to the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana Pushpaka was the vimana of Ravana, who was the king of Lanka. Pushpaka is the first flying vimana that has been mentioned in Hindu mythology. It was built by Vishwakarma for Brahma, who is the god of creation. It is believed that Pushpaka was created using the matter from the sun. Brahma later gifted Pushpaka to Kubera, the god of wealth. But finally it came into the hands of Ravana, who had overthrown Kubera.
According to Ramayana Pushpaka is described as:
“The Pushpaka chariot that resembles the Sun and belongs to my brother was brought by the powerful Ravana; that aerial and excellent chariot going everywhere at will…. that chariot resembling a bright cloud in the sky … and the King [Rama] got in, and the excellent chariot at the command of the Raghira, rose up into the higher atmosphere.”
In Ramayana it is mentioned that Ravana abducted Sita and took her with him to Lanka in this Pushpaka vimana. The Pushpaka then landed at Werangantota in Lanka, the first place where Sita was brought to Lankapura. Weranganota in Sinhala language means the place of aircraft landing. The legend has it that Vishwakarma removed the part of burning matter from the sun to reduce its heat. The matter which was removed fell on earth and from this matter the Pushpaka vimana was created.
In Sri Lanka Pushpaka vimana in Sinhala language is known as Dandu Monara Yanthranaya or Large Peacock Machine.