India is a country of fairs and festivals and different traditions followed in these festivals are major attractions for tourists. These events are very beneficial for Indian tourism industry because many people only come to participate in these festivals.

Indian Fairs and Festivals:

These fairs and festivals thoroughly reflect the culture of India and also bring out the true spirit of Indian society. You can find the traditions, myths and religious beliefs related to Indian culture.

Celebrations of many fairs and festivals are associated with change of seasons or they are based on religious principle. For example, celebrations of Holi and Mewar festival are related with the starting of spring season. Teej, festival of Rajasthan is a symbol for onset of monsoon. In southern India, festivals of Onam and Bihu are related with the starting of harvesting season.

Konark dance festival is celebrated to encourage the Indian culture. Some popular festivals that are related with religion are Janmashtmi, Durga Puja, Ganesh Chaturthi, Eid-ul-fitar, Diwali, Christmas, Vasant Panchami, etc. Some other festivals including the above list are Raksha Bandhan, Elephant festival, Dessert festival, Dussehra and many more.

Different types of fairs are also arranged in India time to time and many people come from different locations to participate in these fairs. So many tourists also plan their vacations at the time of occurrence of many popular fairs. Some of the very popular fairs are Surajkund crafts fair, Pushkar fair and Urs Ajmer fair. Kumbh mela and Goa Carnival are extremely famous fairs amoung Indian people and tourists.

All these fairs and festivals are celebrated according to lunar calendar and people of all religions come together to celebrate all these events. People offer prayers, exchange gifts, dance and sing during these joyful events. So, these festivals play a very important role in the life of Indian people.

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Religious Festivals of India:

India is a country which is both culturally diverse as well as integrated, a feat that many countries cannot boast of. Though India hosts people from a variety of religious backdrops, the vast majority consists of the Hindus. Festivals are celebrated to commemorate the onset of different seasons and the New Year, to observe the birth of gurus or sacred gods, to mark religious occasions, historical events, for the advent of the harvesting season, full moon and even for the different seasons of the year.

In India all festivals are not celebrated in all the states and even if they are not of equal magnitude everywhere. For e.g. Ganesh chaturthi is given more importance in Maharashtra, but not in south India where local and provincial festivals like Pongal  and Onam are valued more. Festivals like Holi which are of an essential nature in northern states are barely acknowledged in the southern parts in comparison. Bihu which is a special festival in Assam and is observed with much merriment is unknown in the western parts of the country.

Similarly, Navratri is enjoyed uniquely in Rajasthan as compared to West Bengal. In Rajasthan more weightage is given to Ram Navami while in West Bengal Durga Puja is celebrated with great gusto. Festivals like Diwali, Saraswati Puja, and Bhai dooj are some of the famous festivals in India.

Festivals in India are celebrated with a lot of fun and frolic. Gifts are distributed across the family. Sumptuous feasts are prepared and the whole atmosphere is spruced up with joy. Temples are visited and rituals are also performed. Sometimes decorative patterns called rangolis or alpanas are on the threshold of houses to add to the beauty.

The perfect combination of heritage of her multifaceted races in India makes it the home of the most colorful festivals which are enchanting, exhibiting the true tradition and lifestyle of its people.

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