According to the Hindu epic Ramayana, Mandodari was the Queen consort of Ravana, the king of Lanka. She is often described as beautiful, virtuous and righteous woman. Mandodari is worshipped as one of the five virgins (panchakanya) and it is believed that reciting their names dispel the sin.

Story of Mandodari In Ramayana :

Mayasura, the king of demons (Asuras) was the father of Mandodari and Apsara Hema was her mother. Mandodari had three sons,

Mandodari and Ravana - Image Source : http://rhcs.org.za

meghanada, Atikaya and Akshayakumara. She is believed to have hailed from Mandor, which is a town near Jodhpur in Rajasthan. The Ravan Jee Ki Chanwari is the ancient protected structure in Mandor. Local people believe that this is the altar where the marriage was performed.

According to one of the stories, Ravana once made Lord Shiva so happy that he offered Ravana with a boon. Ravana asked for Parvati and Lord Shiva agreed to his demand. The Shiva-ganas came to know about it and immediately told Parvati about it. Parvati became angry at Ravana and decided to teach him a lesson.

She took a frog named Manduka and transformed it into a very beautiful woman. When Ravana saw this beautiful woman seated on Mount Kailash he assumed her to be Parvati and took her to Lanka. She later became known as Mandodari.

According to another story the name Mandodari is interpreted as manda-udari, which means one with a bad womb. The reason behind such a name is that it was once foretold that any child born to her will be the killer of Ravana.

One day in anger Mandodari drank the pot filled with blood of rishis who were killed by Ravana. This action of hers made her pregnant and gave birth to a girl child. Fearing for the baby’s life and Ravana’s life she put the baby in the box and dropped it in the sea. This girl child later came to be known as Sita, the daughter of king Janaka. When Ravana kidnapped Sita and brought her to Lanka Mandodari (more…)

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The Pushpaka Vimana :

Ramayana is one of the most significant ancient epics of India. Its impact on culture and art can be found throughout the Indian

Pushpaka

Pushpaka Vimaan - Image Credit : krishnasmercy.wordpress.com

subcontinent and Southeast Asia. Still today there are several places in India as well as Sri Lanka which are connected to Ramayana. For the people of India and Sri Lanka Ramayana is not considered as a mythology or legend, but as a fact or a history which took place thousands of years ago.

According to the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana Pushpaka was the vimana of Ravana, who was the king of Lanka. Pushpaka is the first flying vimana that has been mentioned in Hindu mythology. It was built by Vishwakarma for Brahma, who is the god of creation. It is believed that Pushpaka was created using the matter from the sun. Brahma later gifted Pushpaka to Kubera, the god of wealth. But finally it came into the hands of Ravana, who had overthrown Kubera.

According to Ramayana Pushpaka is described as:

“The Pushpaka chariot that resembles the Sun and belongs to my brother was brought by the powerful Ravana; that aerial and excellent chariot going everywhere at will…. that chariot resembling a bright cloud in the sky … and the King [Rama] got in, and the excellent chariot at the command of the Raghira, rose up into the higher atmosphere.”

In Ramayana it is mentioned that Ravana abducted Sita and took her with him to Lanka in this Pushpaka vimana. The Pushpaka then landed at Werangantota in Lanka, the first place where Sita was brought to Lankapura. Weranganota in Sinhala language means the place of aircraft landing. The legend has it that Vishwakarma removed the part of burning matter from the sun to reduce its heat. The matter which was removed fell on earth and from this matter the Pushpaka vimana was created.

In Sri Lanka Pushpaka vimana in Sinhala language is known as Dandu Monara Yanthranaya or Large Peacock Machine.

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