Kumbha Mela takes its name from the immortal – Pot of Nectar which is described in ancient Vedic scriptures known as the Puranas. Kumbha means pot and Mela means a fair or ‘festival’. So it is the festival of the pot or a festival celebrating in the appearance of the pot of nectar.

Kumbh Mela History and Important Dates:

The story started when the demigods and the demons jointly try to produce the nectar of immortality. For this the demigods and the demons assembled on the shore of the milk ocean that lies in the celestial region of the cosmos.

The demigods and the demons made a plan to churn the milk of ocean to produce the nectar of immortality and to share the nectar equally once it was produced to get immortal. For churning the milk ocean, the Mandara Mountain was used as the churning rod, and Vasuki, the king of serpents was chooses as rope for churning. The churning of the milk ocean first produced a deadly poison which Shiva drank and hold it in her neck, so that he was names as “Neel-Kanth”. A few drops fell from Lord Shiva’s hands and were licked up by scorpions, snakes, and similar other deadly creatures.

After appearing of various things at last a male person named Dhanvantari appeared carrying the pot of immortal nectar in His hands. Seeing Dhanvantari with the pot of nectar, both the demigods and demons became anxious. The demigods get fearful of what would happen if the demons drank their share of the nectar of immortality, forcibly seized the pot.

To save the nectar from falling into the hands of the demons, the demigods hid it in four places on the earth, Prayag (Allahabad), Hardwar, Ujjain, and Nasik. At each of the hiding places, a drop of immortal nectar landed on the earth. Since then these four places are believed to have mystical power.

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